Cat Care


Caring for cats can be a complicated business and there are many things you need to consider and act upon in order to keep your furry friend in the best of health and happy.


It is vital to have your cat vaccinated. This starts between 7 and 9 weeks. A second vaccination is given at 12 weeks and then subsequently every year. At The Veterinary Health Centre, we vaccinate against the leukaemia virus, pan leukopenia ( feline parvovirus virus), feline flu (calici and herpes virus). Rabies virus- if you are planning to travel abroad. This vaccine is necessary to protect your dog against a bite from either a wild animal or an infected pet.


We recommend using a combined wormer to protect against tapeworm and roundworm. This is started when the kitten is 8 weeks and then monthly until 6 months. After that, it very much depends on how often your cat goes hunting. Tapeworms are caught by eating small rodents and birds who carry the worm cyst or fleas carrying tapeworm cysts. Round worms are less common in adults. Milbemax is a wormer that kills both types of worms with only one tablet. It is small and easy to give! For our less compliant and unwilling cats there is a drop on wormer, applied to the skin on the back of the neck. This is called Profendor.


Fleas are a pest in more ways than one! The average flea lays around 200 eggs per week. The fleas then hatch into larvae and then pupate. Nothing kills the pupa. The adult then hatches and the cycle starts again. So it is important to make sure that your cat is protected against fleas. For many cats, there are no sign of fleas living on the body but for some cats, fleas cause a miserable dermatitis, where the skin breaks and weeps and is very itchy. There are a wide range of products that are available for flea control such as Frontline Plus, Advantage, and Program.


In order to prevent unwanted pregnancy it is necessary to have your cat neutered. Cats can be neutered at any time from 12 weeks! However, most kittens are neutered around 5 to 6 months. Tom cats are castrated, which means the testicles are removed. This prevents sexual behaviour, fighting, territory disputes, and exposure from viral diseases such as Feline Aids Virus. Females have a small cut on their side. Through this, the ovaries and the uterine horns are removed down to the level of the cervix. This prevents unwanted pregnancies and continual calling. Cats are induced ovulators and must be mated before they can release eggs. Female cats will come into season around 5 months old and 'call' ( cry, roll around on the floor) every 5 days until they are pregnant.


It is important to start brushing your kitten right from an early age! This is true of all cats but particularly long haired cats who can get into terrible trouble with their fur if it is not groomed regularly. Ask the nurse or receptionist which brush or comb is suitable for your cat.



It is important to choose a balanced diet for your cat. There are literally hundreds of foods available. Remember to choose the correct diet to match the stage of your cats life. We stock and sell the Proplan range. The diets are well balanced and whether you choose dried, wet or a mixture of both is up to you. Fresh water, of course is needed at all times.

Indoor Cats

Many people choose to keep their cats indoors. If you live on a busy main road, or you have a breed not adapted to the outdoors such as a Sphynx, you may want to keep him or her inside. You may have to provide entertainment for your cat, such as an activity centre. It will be necessary to feed a special indoor cat diet which is higher in fibre and lower in fat, helping to prevent obesity. Cats are masters of fat deposition! Once the weight is on, it can be hard to get cats to lose weight. A litter tray or several in a quiet area away from the cat's food is also be essential.


Microchips are easily inserted into the skin on the back of your cat's neck. A microchip is one legal way to prove that a cat is yours! It is also necessary if you wish to travel with your cat abroad.


The Veterinary Health Centre Ltd, 4 Greenways, Lytham St Annes, Lancashire, FY8 3LY. Tel: 01253 729 309 | Company Reg. Number 5507480 | VAT number 636464523
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