Dog Care


In order for your dog to have a long, happy and healthy life it is important to be well-informed and take all necessary measures to ensure he remains in the very best of health.


It is important to have your puppy vaccinated against all the diseases that are available. For most dogs, this means starting around 7 or 8 weeks, with a second vaccination at 10 weeks. At 11 weeks your puppy is then ready to start venturing out in the world. Our puppy vaccinations contain Distemper, Parvovirus, Adeno virus, Parainfluenza and 2 leptospirosis bacteria. Once your pup has received his or her primary vaccines, he or she will receive a full booster at 1 years of age. We then run a program where the dog will receive the full vaccine 1 year and for the following 2 years he or she will have smaller vaccine providing protection against Parvovirus and Leptospirosis. This prevents over vaccination but still ensures that your dog will have as much cover as possible to protect him or her against these infectious diseases.

Kennel Cough

Kennel cough is another vaccine that we recommend your puppy has, particularly in the first year of life, when they are out meeting and greeting lots of new friends. This is an intranasal vaccine, where a small amount of liquid containing the bacteria Bordetella bronchispetica is deposited in the nasal chambers. This immunity lasts for 1 year and there is a discount when given with your annual vaccination.

Herpes and Rabies

The herpes vaccine is given to bitches who may be mated and are planning to have a litter. Although the herpes virus is not common, if the bitch picks this up during mating or during pregnancy it is nearly always 100% fatal to the puppies causing a haemorrhagic pneumonia. It is always better to prevent than try to cure.


If you are planning to travel abroad, the rabies vaccine is necessary to protect your dog against a bite from either a wild animal or an infected pet.



We recommend using a combined wormer against tapeworm and roundworm. This is started when the puppy is 8 weeks and then monthly until 6 months. After that, it very much depends on what unsavoury items your dog likes to eat . Tapeworms are caught by eating small rodents and birds who carry the worm cyst or by ingesting infected fleas. Round worms are less common in adults. Milbemax is a wormer that is dual which means it kills both worms with a single tablet. It is small and easy to give by adding to the food.


Fleas are a pest in more ways than one! The average flea lays around 200 eggs per week. The fleas then hatch into larvae and then pupate. Nothing kills the pupa. The adult then hatches and the cycle starts again. So it is important to make sure that your dog is protected against fleas. For many dogs, there are no sign of fleas living on the body but for some dogs, fleas cause a miserable dermatitis, where the skin breaks and weeps and is very itchy. There are a wide range of products that are available for flea control such as Frontline Plus, Advantage, and Program. There are products other than Front-line that can be used against ticks such Certifect and Advantix.


In order to prevent unwanted pregnancy it is necessary to have your dog neutered. Dogs can be neutered at any time from 12 weeks! However, most puppies are neutered around 5 to 6 months. Some female dogs breeds benefit by waiting until they have had a first season. Examples are collie, Doberman or Labrador breeds, or crosses as they have a higher incidence of urinary incontinence if speyed before their first season. Males are castrated, which means the testicles are removed. This helps to prevent sexual behaviour, fighting. Also problems with the prostate when they are older and urine marking. It is important to note that neutering for both boys and girls affects the coat quality in some breeds such as the spaniel, and setter breeds. The coat grows through fluffy when long and so the simplest way to prevent this unwanted fluffy hair is to keep the coat relatively short. The bitch has a small cut on her tummy through which the ovaries and the uterine horns are removed down to the level of the cervix. This prevents unwanted pregnancies and if spayed before 2 years of age greatly reduces the risk of breast tumours forming. There is no menopause for your bitch so every 6 months or once a year depending on the size (smaller dogs have more seasons) she will have a season and has the possibility of becoming pregnant at an elderly age. Bitches are in season for 3 weeks and attract male dogs for the full 3 weeks. There are injections available for mismating, if an 'accident' should occur. Pyometra is a condition seen in bitches that have not been spayed. It is more common in elderly dogs but it can happen at any age. This literally means puss in the womb. Pyometra prevention is one of the main reasons for spaying your bitch when she is young.

Brushing and Bathing

It is important to start brushing your puppy from an early age! This is true of all dogs but particularly long haired dogs who can get into terrible trouble with their fur if it is not groomed regularly. Ask the nurse or receptionist which brush or comb is suitable for your dog. By nature dogs are messy and love muddy puddles. Bathing your dog in shampoo designed especially for dogs is recommended.

Behaviour and Training

Dogs love routine and respond well to instruction. The more you put in at an early stage, the better behaved your dog will be. Start when they are very small, and use the same 'doggy language'. It's confusing if one member of the family gives different instructions or words than another member. Why not come along to one of our free puppy classes or training classes that are run at The Veterinary Health Centre? Off lead, regular daily exercise is vital to keep your dog physically and mentally well.



Microchips are easily inserted into the skin on the back of your dog's neck. A microchip is one legal way to prove that your dog is yours! It is also necessary if you wish to travel with your dog abroad.


It is important to choose a balanced diet for your dog. There are literally hundreds of foods available for your dog. Remember to choose the correct diet to match the stage of your dogs life. We stock and sell the Proplan range. The diets are well balanced and whether you choose dried, wet or a mixture of both is up to you and of course your dog.







The Veterinary Health Centre Ltd, 4 Greenways, Lytham St Annes, Lancashire, FY8 3LY. Tel: 01253 729 309 | Company Reg. Number 5507480 | VAT number 636464523
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